Instrument Procedures Manual This manual provides students and experienced pilots with information on today's aircraft, satellite and ground-based instrument systems, departure, en route and approach procedures, and air traffic control regulations. The emphasis is on approaches, because any malfunction or misinterpretation is most critical in this segment of flight. The first part of the manual, which deals with the physiological effects and human factors encountered in instrument flying, applies to both pilots in training and seasoned IFR pilots. The second part reviews the nature and use of principal cockpit instruments, the major instrument systems on board, radio navigation systems and an introduction to basic instrument flying. It should be read by pilots in training. Both experienced and student pilots should peruse Part 3, which outlines specific air traffic control procedures for IFR operation, from airspace through to radio procedures. Part 4 deals with IFR flight procedures from flight planning to the termination of the flight. It should be read by all instrument pilots. Part 5 outlines the theory and application of helicopter attitude instrument flying. Part 6 gives a brief outline of suggested IFR training programs including lesson plan titles and length.